Graves and monuments

Egregius V

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Intriguing. I think it's a Celtic High Cross depicting biblical imagery and traditional decorative patterns (or something based on them).

http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/irish-sculpture/celtic-high-cross-sculptures.htm

The central figure on such crosses is Jesus being crucified. On this cross, the figure's gender is ambiguous, if not female. I guess it's just an attempt to depict male nudity without genitalia? The scenes below this figure seem to depict Adam and Eve being evicted from Eden (the rightmost figure is a winged angel), the presentation of the infant Jesus (best guess), and the arrest and prosecution of Jesus. In the cell at the base of the cross, I see a lion or two. Possibly a reference to Isaiah 11 or 65:25?
 
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PakkyT

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Interesting. Being in the greater Boston area we have a lot of Celtic Crosses in our graveyards but I had never seen one like that before.
 

Walter

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This grave was in a Jewish graveyard
and the symbols puzzled me.
Anyone have an idea what they stand for maybe ?

View attachment 783979
The form of the cross, the interlace patterns and the bosses are definitely Celtic. Though the interlace is not perfect. Usually when you follow the thread you get an endless pattern symbolizing eternal life. Here you have two distinct threads intertwined. The figures on the bottom could be Jesus arrested by two soldiers. And just above it Mary with the baby with a bishop on the left (one of the sages?) and on the right maybe Joseph (?). The animals don't fit into the imagery either, usually you have the lion, the taurus, a man and the eagle for John, Luke, Mathew and Mark.
I've seen many of these crosses, but the figures depicted h ere are definitely not like the ones I've come across so far. Very interesting, maybe we get a post from someone who can solve this riddle.
 
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Egregius V

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Very interesting, maybe we get a post from someone who can solve this riddle.
I offered a rather complete interpretation of the figures three posts earlier after a bit of research. I'm guessing you missed it. If you think I was off (I could be), please share your opinions. I'm going with the principle that if there are figures on a high cross representing scenes in the Bible, all the figures do. I'm not aware of a tendency to mix different sources except when it came to decorative art like knots and vines.
 
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Walter

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@Egregius V
The explanations you gave meet more or less what I think, too, I did not miss your post nor do I think you were off.

Besides having studied lots of these crosses "in field" during my holiday trips and in my various books on Celtic(-Christian) art, this special selection on this cross - as I said - left me puzzled. I quite agree with you that we can exclude a cross-over of different sources on one cross. But at the same time there is - all over the Celtic fringe - a strong consistency in depicting animals, persons and interlace patterns, arrangements and the symbolism expressed. And that's different from what we see in this cross.

What keeps me most puzzled is the central figure with the two on the left and right working on the long hair (twisting a plait?).
You can't decide whether this person is male or female. Because of all this I expressed my hope of getting some more light into this.
 

Egregius V

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Thanks, Walter. The details of the central figure certainly are puzzling! But I managed to find a detailed explanation. The two adjacent figures aren't manipulating Jesus' hair; they are the sponge-bearer and lance-bearer of the Gospels:

https://irishhighcrosses.com/the-crucifixion.html

They are depicted in this manner on a number of high crosses and in other art. (Edit: McLaughlin also explains that Jesus looks the way he does due to a "tight fitting garment".)
 
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Walter

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Thanks a lot for the clarification and the excellent link, Rev. Vozzo.
That's one of the advantages of the internet: you get pieces of information where previously you had to refer to reference books in university libraries. I'll check the other links in this website, too, they look very promising. I very much appreciate your help.
 

firokeda

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Jewish cemetery in Łódź, Poland
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aKilter

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