Aperture settings

prophet

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When viewing landscape photography blogs like stuckincustoms (Trey Ratcliff), I notice that the aperture, even for wide pictures, usually does not exceed f16. On my E-PL7 with the kit lens, aperture goes up to f22.

So I am wondering when I need such a small aperture, when - or if at all - I should go beyond f16 ?
 

Duncan

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I rarely go beyond f11 because of diffraction. The only times a use smaller apertures is if I want a slow shutter speed to blur water or other movement, and then the blur caused by diffraction doesn't detract from the image.
 

barry13

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I've used f22 for Macro shots sometimes when you need more DoF (DoF is very limited with Macro), as well as for waterfalls.

Note you loose some sharpness at high apertures (due to diffraction).

Barry
 

prophet

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Hmmm -- this might explain why some shots I took at f/16 are not that sharp. And I was wondering if my focussing was off.
 

Nam-in-Sonoma

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Don't forget sometimes they don't mention that they used filters.
The aperture just gave you an idea, plus the light condition change as well and I'm sure they shoot only around sunset or sunrise where the light are uptimum.
 

prophet

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But does that mean that at f/8 landscape pictures will be sharp from front to end? Or would that require a higher aperture?
 

mattia

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Look up hyperfocal distances and learn to use a depth of field calculator. Depending on where you focus, the scene and the focal length f 5.6 is quite often enough for DOF on an MFT body.
 
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